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    :

    , , , , .

    Λ – 10-14 (. . 4.).

    Λ = C / F = 2.99739•108 / 1•1014 = 2,99739 • 10-6 (), C = 2,99739•108 - , /;

    F = 1•1014 - , .

    T = ¥ / Λ = 0,002897 / 2,99739 • 10-6 = 966,5 (º),

    ¥ = 0,002897 - , • º

    - , ,

    = ε • σ • T4 = 1,0 •5,669 •10-8 • (966,5) = 49466 (/2 ), σ = 5,669 • 10-8 – – , / (² •º);

    ε = 1,0 – .

    , = 12400 / 2,99739•104 (Å) = 0,414 ().

    - ~ 3 .

    , 30 /, .. = 0,31 .

    , , , ~ 3 .  

    S = π • R2 = 3,14 • (2,99739 • 10-6 / 2)2 = 7,065 • 10-12 (2 ),

    R – .

    , 1 • 1014 .

    , , , S, , . , , , ..

    S2 = π • (R-)2 = 3,14 • (0,276 • 10-9 )2 = 2,39 • 10-19 ( ).

    , S

    N2 = 7,065 • 10-12 / 2,39 • 10-19 = 0,3 • 108 ( ).

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